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Gs;spaply; jpl;lk;
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1
mikg;Gf; fl;Liu tpdh tpilfs;
1) A)
i) fhw;W
ii) rpy kPd;fspd; ,dg;ngUf;ff; Nfhyk; ghjpf;fg;gly;
Fiwe;j xspapy; xspj;njhFg;Gf; Fiwe;J ePh;j; jhtuq;fspd; tsh;r;rp FiwAk;
B)
i) fy;tidRf; Fohiag; gad;gLj;jy;
ii) nghYj;jPdpdhy; Rw;wpr; nry;yy;
iii) gyiff;F tbjhs; Rw;Wjy; kw;Wk; gyifapd; miuthrpg; gFjpf;F ePh; Nrh;j;jy;
iv) gUF ePiu mfw;wy;
C)
i) nkd;#L nfhz;l ePupy; fOTjy;
gq;fR ehrpdpapy; 5 epkplk; njhw;WePf;fy;
tsh;g;G Clfj;jpy; ehl;Ljy;
ehl;ba gpd;dh; 100 % <ug;gjdpy; itj;jy;
xU fpoikapd; gpd;dh; gbg;gbahf <ug;gjidf; Fiwj;J 4-8 fpoikf;F
,ilapy; rhjhuz #oYf;F khw;Wjy; Gjpjhf ,iyfs; Njhd;wpa gpd;dh;
ehw;Wf;fis Ntwhf;fp NtW rhbapy; ehl;Ljy;
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D) ngsjPf> ,urhd gz;Gfs; Fwpj;j juj;Jf;F mikthdit vDk; cWjpg;ghL
fpilj;jy;
E)
i) fhw;W > <ug;gjd; Mfpatw;wpw;F CLGftpLk; ,ay;G mw;wJ
ntg;gj;jpy; ,Ue;J fhtyplg;gl;ljhf ,Uf;Fk;
,yFthff; ifahsf; $bajhf ,Uf;Fk;
Fiwe;jsT ghuj;ij kl;Lk; toq;ff; $bajhf ,Uj;jy;
Xg;gPl;lstpy; nryT Fiwthf ,Uj;jy;
cw;gj;jpg; nghUis xj;j njhw;wq; nfhz;ljhf ,Ug;gjdhy; fsQ;rpag;gLj;jy;
kw;Wk; tpepNahfk; Nghd;wtw;wpw;F NkyjPf ,lk; Njitg;glhik
ii) czTf;F KOikahd ghJfhg;Gf; fpilf;Fk;
ntg;gj;jpw;F <LnfhLf;ff; $bajhf ,Uj;jy;
Ez;zq;fpfshy; njhw;wpf; nfhs;s Kbahik
gad;ghL ,yFthjy;
( tplaq;fs; 20 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 60 Gs;spfs; )
2) A)
i) a) cztpd; Njhw;wk;
cztpd; fl;likg;G
cztpd; ,ioaikg;gpy; nry;thf;F
b) Ez;zq;fpfspd; njhopw;ghl;bw;F VJthjy;
cztpy; nehjpaj; njhopw;ghl;bw;F VJthjy;
B) i) jhtug; gpshe;jd;fs; mjpfupj;jy;
milay; Jzpf;iffs; fhzg;gly;
NrW
ii) nrr;rpapd; jl;L
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C) i) fkiy
ii) a) vupnghUl; nryT Vw;glhJ
#oy; khrilahJ
b) Fwpj;j cauj;Jf;F Nky; cah;j;jg;gl Kbahik
iii) fhy;thapw;Fg; nghYj;jPd; ,ly;
fhy;thapidf; nfhq;fpwPw;wpdhy; mikj;jy;
%ba Foha;fisg; gad;gLj;Jjy;
D) kz;zpd; ePh; mfj;JwpQ;Rk; nfhs;ssT
gaph;nra; epyj;jpd; tp];jPuzk; kw;Wk; tbtk;
E) i) capupay; fl;Lg;ghl;L mq;fpfis ngUf;fpr; #oypy; mDkjpj;jy;
capupay; fl;Lg;ghl;L mq;fpfisf; fhg;Gr; nra;jy;
ii) gPw;W}l; ,iyNfhjp
gg;ghrp ntz;%l;Lg; G+r;rp
njd;Ndhiyr; Ruq;fkhf;fp
Njapiy kaph;f;nfhl;b
F) i) rhW tbjy; Nrhjid
ii) ];iug;Nuhikrpd;
nuw;whirf;fpypd;
epNahikrpd;
( tplaq;fs; 20 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 60 Gs;spfs; )
3) A) i) a) <];u[pd;
b) Ntl;ifia Vw;gLj;Jjy;
ii) Gnu];Nuhf;fpshz;bd;
iii) nte;ePh; %yk; cly; ntg;g epiyia xj;j epiyik Ngzg;gly;
FohapdJ cl;Gw Nkw;gug;Gf;F trypd; G+rg;gl;bUj;jy;
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B) i)
caph;g;gy;tifikf;F cz;lhFk; Nrjq;fisf; Fiwj;jy;
fhLfSf;F ngWkjp Nrh;j;jy;
,aw;if tsq;fspd; ePbj;j epiy ngWifapid CWjpg;gLj;jy;
fhg;Gr; nra;ag;gl;l gFjpfspy; tjpAk; kf;fSf;F NeubahfNth/
kiwKfkhfNth tUkhdj;ijg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;sy;
ii)
cy;yhrg; gaz tpLjpfshy; jiu> ePh; kw;Wk; tspr;#oy;fs; khriljy;
Njrpag;G+q;fhf;fspy; tdtpyq;FfsJ rQ;rhuj;Jf;Fg; ghjpg;Gf;fs; Vw;gLjy;
,aw;if #oy;fspy; Ntz;lg;glhj thfdg;Nghf;Ftuj;Jf;fshy; xyp> tsp
Mfpad khriljy;
,we;j jhtu> tpyq;F cly;fs; Nrh;tjhy; #oy; khriljy;.
iii) a) ePupDila njhopw;gL jd;ikapidf; Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;sy; (cztpy;
Ez;zq;fpfspd; tsh;r;rpf;Fupa #oiy ,y;yhky; nra;jy;
b) RahjPd ePh; njhopw;ghlw;wjhf;fg;gly;
C) i) Ff;Fgpw;NwrpNaf; FLk;gj; jhtuq;fspd; ehw;W cw;gj;jp
ii) ehw;Wf;fis gpupj;njLj;J fsj;jpy; ehl;Lk; NghJ Nth;fSf;F Vw;gLk; Nrjk;
FiwthFk;
D) i) PH ngWkhdk;
ii) gue;j Nth;j;njhFjp
E) gaph;fspy; FWfpa fhyj;jpy; tpiuthd tsh;r;rp
Neha; kw;Wk; gPilj; jhf;fj;jpypUe;J gaph;fisg; ghJfhf;fyhk;
F) ghis tpupj;J 7 10 ehl;fspy; kfue;jr; Nrh;f;ifia Nkw;nfhs;sy;
tpupj;J 14 ehl;fspy; kfue;jkzpiag; ngw;W kfue;jr; Nrh;f;ifia Nkw;nfhs;sy;
kfue;jr; Nrh;f;ifapd; gpd;dh; G+e;Jziu nghypj;jPdhy; %bf;fl;ly;
( tplaq;fs; 20 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 60 Gs;spfs; )
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4) A)
i) a) epwk;, nfl;bj;jd;ik> jbg;G> fdtsT
b) xU fd myfpy; fhzg;gLk; tpe;Jf;fspd; vz;zpf;if
xU ntspg;gLj;Jifapd; Nghjhd tpe;Jf;fspd; vz;zpf;if
Kd;Ndhf;fp ,aq;Fk; tpe;Jf;fspd; vz;zpf;if
epak tbtk; nfhz;l tpe;Jf;fspd; vz;zpf;if
ii) nrr;rpapd; jl;L
B) i) #oy; rkepiyiag; ghJfhj;jy;
caph;g;gy;tifikiag; Ngzy;
ePh; tl;lk; rPuhd Kiwapy; NgZjy;
tspkz;ly ntg;gepiy mjpfupg;igf; fl;Lg;gLj;jy;
ii) tdr; nra;iffis Vw;gLj;Jjy;
tptrha tdr;nra;ifapd; NghJ mupkuk;rhh; jhtuq;fis tsh;j;jy;
cw;gj;jpfisg; ngWtjw;fhd mDkjpg; gj;jpuq;fis toq;fy;
kf;fSf;F tdg;gjhh;j;jq;fisf; ifahStijg; gw;wp mwpT+l;ly;
epiyNgwhd Kiwapy; mWtilia Nkw;nfhs;sy;
C) i) neUf;Ftjd; %yk; vz;nza; gpupj;njLg;G
ii) a) #oYf;Fg; ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jhik
tsh;r;rp XNkhd;fisf; nfhz;bUj;jy;
b) czTf;fhd RitA+l;b
rha tif cw;gj;jp (czT jahupg;gpd; Nghjhd)
D) i) kPsg; Gjpg;gpf;ff; $ba rf;jp tsq;fs; kPJ mf;fiw nfhs;sy;
tYtpidj;jpwd; nfhz;l cgfuzq;fisg; gad;gLj;Jjy;
rf;jp nfhz;L nry;yypd; NghJ nfhz;L Vw;gLk; ,og;igf; Fiwj;jy;
rf;jp ,og;G eilngWk; ,lq;fs; kw;Wk; re;jh;g;gq;fis ,dq;fhzy;
ii ) ,yq;if Kg;gil mq;fj;jth;
iii ) epjpg; gq;fspg;G my;yJ gq;fPL rhh;gstpy; FiwthFk;
tzpfk; nghJthf ciog;ig mbg;gilahff; nfhz;ljhFk;
Ez;> rpwpa> eLj;ju tzpfq;fs; %ykhd ,iwtupg; gq;fspg;G kpff;
FiwthdjhFk;
( tplaq;fs; 20 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 60 Gs;spfs; )
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fl;Liu tpdh tpilfs;
5) a) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 5 Gs;spfs; )
ePu;g; gk;gpAld; njhlu;ghd gpur;rpid
ePu;g;gk;gp nraypoj;jy;
gpujhd fl;Lg;ghl;L myFld; njhlu;ghd gpur;rpid ePu; xOf;F Vw;gLjy;
gpujhd Foha; njhlu;ghd gpur;rpidfs; gFjpahfNth KOikahfNth ePu;
milf;fg;glyhk;.
cg gpujhd Foha; njhlu;ghd gpur;rpidfs;
gFjpahfNth KOikahfNth ePu; milf;fg;glyhk;.
nrhl;b / J}tw;jiy
ePu; xOq;fhd Kiwapy; ntspNawhik
( tplaq;fs; 5 x 5 Gs;spfs; = 25 Gs;spfs;)
(fhuzpiag; ngauply; - 1 Gs;sp> tpsf;fk; - 4 Gs;spfs;)
b) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
1. capu;j;jpzpTfis rpW Jz;Lfshf khw;wjy;
2. capu;j;jpzpit Kl;gupfupg;Gr; nra;jy;.
3. nehjpa cw;gj;jp> nryNyhR ePu;g;gFg;G
4. FSf;NfhR nehjpj;jy;
5. ngd;NuhR nty;y nehjpj;jy;
6. vjpNuhypd; rjtPj;ij mjpfupg;gjw;fhf ePufw;wy;.
( tplaq;fs; 6 x 4 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs;)
c) mwpKfk; ( 5 Gs;spfs; )
kfue;jr; Nruf;if
fhw;Nwhl;lk; kw;Wk; g+r;rpfspd; tUif vd;gd fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;bUj;jy;
vdNt nraw;if kfue;jr; Nru;f;if Njitg;gLk;
kfue;jr; Nru;f;ifahf;fpfisg; gad;gLj;jpNah my;yJ mjpupfisg;
gad;gLj;jpNah my;yJ ifapdhy; Ml;b mirj;Njh my;yJ J}upifiag;
gad;gLj;jpNah my;yJ kpd;tprpwp %yk; fhw;Wr; Rw;Nwhl;lj;ijg;
gad;gLj;jpNa kfue;jr; Nru;f;if Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;.
G+f;fisAk; fha;fisAk; Ijhf;fy;
G+f;fs; kw;Wk; fha;fis Ijhf;Ftjd; %yk; goj;jpd; gUkd;> epwk;> Njhw;wk;
Mfpad Nkk;gLj;jg;gLk;.
G+f;fis Ijhf;fy; - G+e;Jzupy; Kjy; 4 5 g+f;fis tpLj;J Ezpg;
gFjpapy; cs;s G+f;fis mfw;Wjy;.
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fha;fis Ijhf;fy;
c-k; : nff;fup gpujhd jz;ba xd;Wtpl;l xU fZtpy; xU fha;
fhzg;glf; $bathW Ijhf;fy;
Mjhuk; toq;Fjy;
nebJ cau;e;J tsu;tjdhy; gytPdkhd jz;Lfisf; nfhz;lJ.
2.4 2.7m cauj;jpy; jf;fhsp Fg;gpsfha; ryhJ nff;fup Nghd;wtw;wpw;F
toq;fg;gLk;.
fj;jupj;jYk; gapw;Wtpj;jYk;
xspj; njhFg;gpy; Neubahfg; gq;fspg;Gr; nra;ahj xl;Lz;zpahff; fhzg;gLk;
fhw;Wf;Fupa Gfpjf; ntl;b mfw;wg;gLk;.
gapw;Wtpj;jy; jhtu tiffSf;F Vw;g NtWgLk;.
c-k; : jf;fhsp
fpilahd Mjhuj;ij mz;kpf;Fk; NghJ mq;Fuj;jpy; ,iyfs; mfw;wg;gl;L
gpd;du; nfhs;fydpy; Rw;wpr; nry;y mDkjpf;fg;gLk;.
( tplaq;fs; 5 x 5 Gs;spfs; = 25 Gs;spfs;)
6) a) ntg;gg; gupfuzk; my;yhj czT ew;fhg;G czit nehjpf;fr; nra;jy; %ykhd
ew;fhg;G MFk;.
Ez;zq;fspd; njhopw;ghl;bidg; gad;gLj;jp cztpid ew;fhg;Gr; nra;jNy
czT nehjpf;fr; nra;jy; MFk;.
(6 Gs;spfs;)
Kiwfs;;
1. ,yw;wpf;fkpy nehjpj;jy;
2. mw;fNfhy; nehjpj;jy;
3. mrw;wpf;fkpy nehjpj;jy;
,yw;wpf;fkpy nehjpj;jy;
fhNghitjNuw;W MdJ ,yw;wpfkpyk; cUthFk; gw;wPupahtpdhy;
,yw;wpfkpykhf khw;wg;gLk;.
,r;re;ju;g;gjpy; mkpy epiya cUthfpd;wJ.
vdNt NtW Ez;zq;fs; tsu;tjw;Fg; nghUj;jkw;w #oy; Vw;gLfpd;wJ.
yf;Nlh]; ,tw;wpf;fkpyk; cUthjy;
Nghrizg; ngWkhdk; mjpfupf;Fk; mjw;Fupa kzk; cUthFk;.
c-k; : Nahf;fl;> kuf;fwpfs; ew;fhg;G
(8 Gs;spfs;)
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mw;fNfhy; nehjpj;jy;
vspa nty;yq;fs; mw;fNfhiy cUthf;Fk; gw;wPjpah my;yJ gq;fR %yk;
vjNdhyhf khw;wg;gLk;.
c-k; : ,sePu; %yk; itd cw;gj;jpfs; cw;gj;jp
( 8 Gs;spfs; )
mrw;wpf;fkpy nehjpj;jy;
fhNghitjNuw;W kw;Wk; mw;fNfhy; vd;gd mrw;wpf;fkpyk; cw;gj;jp nra;Ak;
gw;wPupahf;fspdhy; mrw;wpf;fkpykhf khw;wg;gLk;.
mrw;wpkpy nehjpj;jy; yeast tiffs; kw;Wk; Acetobacter aceti
c-k; : tpdhfpup
mr;rhW
b) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
1. khw;wk;
2. jfty;
3. Nghl;bj;jd;ik
4. gy;tifik Mf;fk;
5. tpahgpj;j jd;ik
6. tpQ;QhdKk; njhopy;El;gKk;
7. mur jiyaPL
8. cyfkakhjy;
9. jpwe;j nghUshjhuk;
( tplaq;fs; 5 x 5 Gs;spfs; = 25 Gs;spfs;)
(fhuzpiag; ngauply; - 1 Gs;sp> tpsf;fk; - 4 Gs;spfs;)
c) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
1. jha;j;jhtuj;ijj; njupT nra;jYk; guhkupj;jYk;
2. Ex plant I jahu; nra;jy;.
3. Ex plant I fpUkpaopj;jy;
4. tsu;G Clfj;ijj; jahu; nra;jy;.
5. cl;GFj;jy;.
6. ngUf;Fjy;
7. Ntu;tplr; nra;jy;.
8. #oYf;F ,iaG gLj;Jjy;
( tplaq;fs; 5 x 5 Gs;spfs; = 25 Gs;spfs; )
( fhuzpiag; ngauply; - 1 Gs;sp> tpsf;fk; - 4 Gs;spfs; )
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7) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
a) fhw;W kw;Wk; ntg;gepiy NtWghL fhuzkhf Vw;glf; $ba ghjpg;Gf;fisf;
Fiwf;fyhk;.
1. njhOtj;jpd; jiuia Rj;jkhfTk; cyu;thfTk; Ngzyhk;.
2. jhdpaq;fp ePu; tpepNahf trjp ,Ug;gjdhy; Njitf;F Vw;g msT ePiu cupa
ntg;gepiyapy; toq;fyhk;.
3. jhdpaq;fpKiwapy; czT tpepNahfpf;fg;gLtjhy; Njitf;Nfw;g msT
czit toq;fyhk;.
4. mirapl;L cz;ziy mtjhdpf;Fk; czupfs; %ykhf khLfs; czit
tpUk;gp cz;Zk; tpjk;> czT toq;fg;gLk; tPjk; gw;wpa tpsf;fj;ijg;
ngw;Wf; nfha;ayhk;.
5. xsp Cl;Ltij rkepiyapy; Ngz KbAk;.
6. ntspahl;fSld; gutf; $ba Neha;fs; Ez;Zapu; nfhy;ypj; J}kk; kw;Wk;
ghj myRj; njhl;b %yk; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gly;.
7. jd;dpaf;f ePu; toq;fy; %yk; czT> fopTfs; Neha;f; fhuzpfs;
Mfpatw;Wld; ePu; njhLifailtJ jLf;fg;gly;
8. cly; ntg;gepiyia mstPL nra;a Kbjy;
9. njhopyhsu;fSf;fhd nryT Fiwtiljy;
10. ghypd; fl;likg;ig mwpaf; $bajhf ,Uj;jy;
( tplaq;fs; 8 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs; )
b) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
xLf;fpa kl;lk; vd;gJ ruhrupfly; kl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J epykl;lj;jpy; cs;s
Gs;spapd; (msitj;jhdk;) cauk; MFk;.
fUtpapd; ,lk; khw;wKd;du; ,Wjpahf msitj;jhdj;jpy; Kd; Nehf;F
thrpg;G vLf;fg;gLk;.
msT Nfhypd; epiyia khw;whJ fUtpapdJ kw;Wk; xU fUtpj;jhdj;jpw;F
khw;wg;gl;L cupa Kiwapy; epWtg;gLk;.
,Wjpahf Kd;Nehf;F thrpg;G ngw;w msitj;jhdj;jpy; cs;s msT
Nfhypy; gpd; Nehf;F thrpg;G ngwg;gLk;.
khwy; jhdj;jpy; cs;s xLf;fpa kl;l thrpg;Gld; gpd; Nehf;F thrpg;G
$l;lg;gl;L Gjpa cgfuz cauk; ngwg;gLk;.
Gjpjhf xLf;fpa kl;lk; fhzg;gLk; Ntz;ba Gs;spapay; msT Nfhtpiy
itj;J thrpg;G ngwg;gl;L cgfuz cauj;jpy; ,Ue;J thrpg;gpid fopj;J
Gjpa xLf;fpa kl;lk; fzpf;fg;gLk;.
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xLf;fpa kl;lk; mwpag;gLtjw;fhd nrad;Kiwapy; FW kl;lkhzpia khw;wp
,d;Dk; xU ,lj;jpy; epWtp kw;WnkhU msitj;jhzj;jpy; cgfuz
cauKiwapy; xLf;fpa kl;lk; vLf;fyhk; vd tpgupf;Ff?
xLf;fpa kl;lk; vd;gJ fly; kl;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J epy kl;lj;jpy; cs;s
Gs;spapd; cauk; MFk;.
fUtpapid ,lk;khw;w Kd;du; ,Wjpahf xLf;fpa kl;lk; mwpag;gl;l ,lj;jpy;
(msitj;jhdj;jpy;) Kd;Nehf;F thrpg;G (FS) vLf;fg;gLk;.
Fwpj;j ,lj;jpy; ,Ue;J msTNfhypid (Staff) khw;uhJ fUtpahdJ
gpwpnjhU fUtpj;jhdj;jpw;;F khw;wg;gl;L cupa Kiwapy; epWtg;gLk;.
,Wjpahf Kd;Nehf;F (FS) thrpg;Gngwg;gl;l msitj;jhdj;jpy; cs;s
msTNfhypy; gpd;Nehf;F (BS) thrpg;Gngwg;gLk;.
khwy; jhdj;jpy; cs;s xLf;fpakl;lk; gpd; Nehf;F thrpg;Gld; $l;lg;gLk;.
( 24 Gs;spfs; )
c) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
Neha;g;ghjpg;gw;w eLifg; nghUl;fisg; gad;gLj;Jjy;.
vjpu;g;gpdq;fisg; gapuply;.
fyg;Gg; gapu;r;nra;if
,ilg;gapu;r;nra;if
Row;rp Kiwg; gapu;r;nra;if
ePu; Kfhikj;Jtk;
ntg;gg; gupfuz Kiw
,iltpUe;J toq;fpfis mopj;jy;.
Neha;f;fhtpg; g+r;rpfis mopj;jy;.
( tplaq;fs; 8 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs; )
8) a) gz;izapy; cs;s ngz; tpyq;Ffis FWfpafhy ,ilntspAs; my;yJ xNu
re;ju;g;gj;jpy; khjtplha;f;F cl;glj;jf;f tifapy; ngz; tpyq;FfsJ ,ypq;f
tl;lq;fis xUq;fpizj;jy;.
( 6 Gs;spfs; )
rpfpr;ir Kiwfs;
1) GNuh,[];Nuhd; GNuhn[];Nuhd; rpfpr;ir
2) ypa+w;wpdhf;fy; rpfpr;ir
3) GNuhn[];Nuhd; ypa+w;wpdhf;fy; ,ize;j rpfpr;ir
( tplaq;fs; 3 x 2 Gs;spfs; = 6 Gs;spfs; )
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GNuhn[];Nuhd; GNuhn[];Nuhd; rpfpr;ir
GNuhn[];upd; vdg;gLk; GNuhn[];Nuhid xj;j XNkhd; my;yJ Gwj;jpUg;gk;
gad;gLj;jg;gly;.
,t; XNkhid nrYj;Jtjd; %yk; kQ;rl; rlyk; rpije;j gpd;dUk;
FUjpaUtpAs; cau; GNuhn[];Nuhd; kl;lk; Ngzg;gLk;.
,t; XNkhd; GFj;jg;gl;L 2-5 ehl;fspd; gpd;du; tpyq;F Ntl;iff;F tur;
nra;ag;gLk;.
( 6 Gs;spfs; )
ypA+w;wpdhf;fy; rpfpr;ir
Gnuh];Nuh fpshz;bd; / Gwj;jpUg;gk; F2a gad;gLj;jg;gLk;.
kQ;rl; rlyj;jpd; ,aw;ifahd rpijTf;F Kd;djhfNt kQ;rl; rlyj;jpd;
rpijT J}z;lg;gLk;.
khjtplha;r; rf;fuj;jpd; 5-17 k; ehSf;F ,ilapy; toq;Fjy;.
FUjpapy; gNuhn[];Nuhd; nrwpT FiwtilAk;.
,jdhy; fpuhg;gpad; Gilg;G Kjpu;e;J ngz; tpyq;F Ntl;if mwpFwpfis
ntspg;gLj;Jk;
( 6 Gs;spfs; )
GNuhn[];Nuhd; ypt+w;wdhf;fy; ,ize;j rpfpr;ir
rddpj; J}z;Lk; XNkhd; Gnuh];Nuh fpshd;bd; XNkhd; gad;gLj;jg;gLk;.
GnRH ,d; tpisthy; #yply; eilngwy; mjd; gpd;du; ,uz;L ehl;fspy;
Gjpa Gilg;Gf; fyq;fspd; rpy ehl;fspy; F2a toq;Ftjd; %yk; kQ;rl;
rlyj;jpd; rpijT Kd;Nghlg;gLk;. FUjp mUtpapy; GNuhn[];Nuhd; nrwpT
FiwtilAk;.
Ntl;if J}z;lg;gLk;.
( 6 Gs;spfs; )
b) mwpKfk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
1. rupahd Kfhikj;Jtk;
2. td %yhjhuq;fisg; ghJfhj;jy;.
3. Muha;r;rp> mgptpUj;jp Mfpatw;iw Nkw;nfhs;sy;.
4. tPl;L kl;lj;jpy; tsu;gig Nkw;nfhs;sy;.
5. nraw;wpl;lq;fs;> cjT Nritfs; Mfpatw;iw Vw;gLj;Jjy;.
6. epWtd uPjpahd Ntiyj;jpl;lq;fis eilKiwg;gLj;jy;.
7. epiyNgwhd gad;ghL gw;wpa mwpit toq;Fjy;
8. tptrha tdr;nra;if> tdr; nra;if Ntiyj;jpl;lk; Mfpatw;wld; tdk;
rhu;e;j cw;gj;jpfisg; ngw;Wf; nfs;Sk; jhtu tiffif ,izj;jy;.
9. td cw;gj;jpfisg; ngwj;jf;f tdq;fs; gw;wpa fzf;nfLg;ig Nkw;nfhs;sy;.
( tplaq;fs; 8 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs; )
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c) mwpKfk; ( 5 Gs;spfs; )
nrdu; ,Uthap Rikj;jilfis (kpd; cgfuzq;fs;) ghJfhg;gjw;fhf kpd;
Rw;wpy; ,izf;fg;gLfpwJ.
Rw;wpy; ghJfhf;fgl Ntz;ba Rik jilf;F rkhe;jukhf ,idf;fgLfpwJ
Ntz;Lk;.
,J Rw;wpy; gpd;Kf Nfhlypy; ,iwf;fg;gLfpwJ Ntz;Lk;.
Rikj;jilapd; njhopw;ghl;L cr;r mOj;jkhdJ nrd;lupd; cilT
mOj;jjpw;f;F rkdhf ,Uf;fpwjh vd ftdpf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk;.
nrdu; ,Uthapjhq;f $bacr;rkpd;Xl;lj;jpYk;mjpf kpd;Ndhl;lk; tUk; Rw;wh
vd mtjhdpf;f Ntz;Lk;.
( tplaq;fs; 5 x 5 Gs;spfs; = 25 Gs;spfs; )
9) a)
1. Ez;zq;fpfsJ tsu;r;rp
2. <ug;gjid cwpQ;RjYk; ntspNaw;WjYk;.
3. ,urhad jhf;fq;fs;
4. xsp
5. ntg;gepiy
6. cztpdJ ngsjPf uPjpapyhd ghjpg;G
7. cztpdJ cs;slf;fk;
8. fsQ;rpag;gLj;jy; Kiwik
9. cw;gj;jpr; nraw;ghL njhlu;
( tplaq;fs; 8 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs; )
( fhuzpiag; ngauply; - 1 Gs;sp> tpsf;fk; - 2 Gs;spfs; )
b) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
fwitg; gRtpd; Kiyf;fhk;Gf; fpz;zk; nghUj;jg;gLk;.
ghy; fwj;jy; nghwpapy; ntw;wplf; Foha;j; njhFjpak; mjDld; ,ize;j
cgfuzKk; fhzg;gLk;.
Kiyf;fhk;Gf;Fg; Gwj;Nj ntw;wpl epiyik xd;W Vw;gLj;jg;gl;L ghy;
cWQ;rg;gLk;.
cWQ;ry; fhuzkhf ghy; fwg;gjw;fhd J}z;ly; Kiwf;fhk;gpw;F re;jJf;Fupa
RUq;fiyAk; jsu;itAk; Vw;gLj;Jtjd; %yk; eilngWk;.
,jd; njhopw;ghl;Lf;F Pulsater vDk; cgfuzk; cjTk;.
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Kiyf;fhk;gpw;F cijg;ghdJ re;jj;Jf;Fupa Kiwapy; toq;fg;gLtjw;F
Kiyf;fhk;Gf; fpz;zj;jpd; tpNrl gFjpfs; cjTk;.
fwf;fg;gl;l ghy; ghy; Nrfupf;Fk; ghj;jpuq;fspy; Nrfupf;fg;gLk;.
epiyahd ghy; fwj;jy; nghwpapay; fhzg;gLk; gj;jpuq;fspy; ,Ue;J
Nrfupf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; ghy; ,ilapilNa nghwp %yk; mfw;wg;gLk;.
( 8 x 3 = 24 Gs;spfs; )
c) mwpKfk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
ngw;Wf;nfhz;l / cUthf;fg;gl cs;s jpl;lg;glj;jpy; Vw;fdNt cs;s
fl;likg;Gf;fisf; Fwpj;jy;.
fhzp vy;iy> jpir rha;T Nghd;wgy;NtW tplaq;fisAk; fhl;rpg;gLj;jg;gl
Ntz;ba kw;Wk; kiwf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gFjpfisAk; Fwpj;jy;.
njhlu;e;Jk; itj;jpUf;fg;gl Ntz;ba kw;Wk; mfw;wg;gl Ntz;ba $Wfis
jpl;lj;jpd; gpujpapy; Fwpj;jy;.
jpl;lj;jpd; njhopw;ghl;L myif ,dq;fhzy;
,dq;fhzg;gl;l myFfspy; Nru;f;fg;gLk; $WfSf;fhd ,lj;ij xJf;Fjy;.
epu;khdpg;gpy; FwpaPLfisg; gad;gLj;jp njupT nra;ag;gl;l ,lj;jpy; Fwpj;Jf;
nfhs;sy;.
Njitahapd; jpl;lj;ij tu;zk; jPl;LtJld; FwpaPLfs; midj;Jf;Fkhd
mwpKfj;ijf; Fwpg;gpl;L jpl;lj;ijg; g+uzg;gLj;jy;.
jpl;lglj;jpy; jpir> mstpil> jiyayq;fupg;Gj; jpl;lj;ij Mf;fpatu; ngau;
vd;gdtw;iwf; Fwpg;gply;
( tplaq;fs; 8 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs; )
10) a) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 5 Gs;spfs; )
mfw;Wjy;
gpujpaPl;il Nkw;nfhs;sy;.
nghwpapay; eilKiwfisf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jjy;.
epUthf eilKiwfisf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jjy;
RaghJfhg;G mzpfyd;fisf; fl;Lg;gLj;Jjy;.
b) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
Rw;whly; rhu;e;j Rw;Wyhf; ifj;njhopy; eilngWk; gpuNjrj;jpd; kf;fSf;F
gy;NtW tUkhd topfs; fpilj;jy;
gpuNjr cw;gj;jpfisr; re;ijg;gLj;jy;.
,aw;ifr; #oy; ghJfhf;Fk; kdg;ghq;F Vw;gly;.
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gy;NtW nkhopfisf; fw;f tha;g;Gf;fpilj;jy;.
gpuNjr uPjpahf tUkhdk; fpilg;gjhy; tWik ePq;Fjy;.
r%f Vw;wj;jho;T Fiwtiljy;.
#oy; njhFjpfspd; guhkupg;gpw;Fk;> fhg;gpw;Fk; fyhrhug; gz;Gfs; Jizahjy;.
ntt;NtW ehLfSld; njhlu;Gfis Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhs;s Jizahjy;.
kf;fs; #oYf;F ghjpg;ig Vw;gLj;jhjpUf;f Kw;gLjy;.
( tplaq;fs; 8 x 3 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs; )
c) tiutpyf;fzk; ( 6 Gs;spfs; )
fhlopj;jypj;jiy Nkw;nfhs;gtu;fSf;F khw;W tUkhdkPl;Lk; topfis
mwpKfk; nra;tu;.
mup kuj;jpw;Fg; gjpyhf gpujpaPl;Lg; gjhu;j;jq;fis mwpKfk; nra;jy;.
fhlopj;jypdhy; Vw;gLk; jPikfs; gw;wp r%fj;jpw;Fj; njspT gLj;jy;.
fhLfisr; rhu;e;j gFjpfspy; fpuhkpa xOq;fikg;Gf;fis epWtp mtw;wpd;
epWtduPjpahd typikia mjpfupj;jy;.
nghJkf;fSf;F kdg;ghw;F uPjpahd khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;Jjy;.
mupkuk; rhu; td cw;gj;jpfisg; ngWtjw;fhd epiyNgwhd Kiwiknahd;iw
Vw;gLj;jy;.
td mopg;gpy; <LgLNthUf;F vjpuhfr; rl;lq;fis fLikahf mKy; nra;jy;.
( tplaq;fs; 6 x 4 Gs;spfs; = 24 Gs;spfs; )
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