Download As PDF
1
gFjp I (gy;Njh;T tpdhf;fs;)
*For English medium students,
(7) 3
(47) 3
gFjp II A (mikg;Gf; fl;Liu)
1. A. i. 1. C,H,O Mfpa %yfq;fisf; nfhz;bUj;jy;
2. H : O tpfpjk; 2 : 1 Mf ,Uj;jy;
3. nghJr; #j;jpuk; C
X
( H
2
O )
Y
ii. a. Ribulose b. Deoxy ribose c. Chitin d. Agar e. Ribose
iii. a. Phospholipid b. Phosphoric acid , Fattyacid, Glycerol c. Cholesterol
d. fpistpl;l rq;fpypahf ,Uj;jy;
iv. a. mOj;jkhd mfKjYUr; rpWtiy
b. fyrpak; maidf; fsQ;rpag;gLj;jy; 2. er;RePf;fy;
B. i. xU fyg;gpuptpd; Muk;gj;jpw;Fk;
mLj;j fyg;gpuptpd; Muk;gj;jpw;FkpilNa
fynkhd;wpy; eilngWk; midj;J epfo;TfSk;
ii. G
1
mtj;ij ( ,ilntsp 1) - fytsu;r;rp / RNA njhFg;G / Gujj;njhFg;G/
fyg;Gd;dq;fq;fspd; cw;gj;jp
S mtj;ij ( njhFg;G) - DNA apd; jw;gfu;g;G/ Histone Gujj;njhFg;G/
miuepwTUf;fs; Njhd;Wjy;
G
2
mtj;ij ( ,ilntsp 2) - fyg;Gd;dq;fq;fspd; ,ul;bg;G ( ,iokzp. gr;iraTUtk;) /
fytsu;r;rp/ hpgpAypd; Guj;j;njhFg;G
(1) 1
(2) 3
(3) 3
(4) 5
(5) 2
(6) 5
(7) *All
(8) 1
(9) 3
(10) 1
(11) 4
(12) 5
(13) 2
(14) 3
(15) 1
(16) 1
(17) 3
(18) 5
(19) 2
(20) 5
(21) 3
(22) 3
(23) 1
(24) 5
(25) 1
(26) 2
(27) 1
(28) 4
(29) 2
(30) 3
(31) 4
(32) 5
(33) 4
(34) 3
(35) 3
(36) 3
(37) 4
(38) 4
(39) 2/5
(40) 5
(41) 2
(42) 4
(43) 2
(44) 1
(45) 5
(46) 1
(47) *5
(48) 4
(49) 1
(50) 2
x3
x5
x6
x2
x1
x17 x2 =34 Marks
x3
x2
x2
x2
x1
2
iii. a. gha;kr;rpj;jputbt khjpupAU
b. nghRNghypg;gpl;L %tf;$wpd; mirT gha;kj;jd;ikia toq;FfpwJ.
Guj %yf;$Wfs; rpjWz;l guk;gypy; / xOq;fw;w Kiwapy; fhzg;gLtjdhy; rpj;jpu
tbtj;Njhw;wk; Vw;gLfpd;wJ.
iv. nehjpaj;Jld; vspjpy; tpLtpf;fg;glf;$ba tpj;jpy; ,ize;Js;s / jw;fhypfkhf ,ize;Js;s
Gujky;yhj Nrjdg;gjhu;j;jk;
v. 1. NAD
2. Ijurd; fhtppahfr; nraw;gLjy;
C. i. xU mq;fpapd; / ,dj;jpd; ngauhdJ rhjpg;ngau; ,d NtWgLj;jpg;ngau; vd;w mbg;gilapy; ,U
nrhw;fshyhd ngaiuf; nfhz;L ,Uf;Fk;;
ii. a. Bryophyta b. Cycadophyta c. Annelida d. Arthropoda e. Chytridiomycota
iii. xU$l;l mq;fpfis milahsq;fhz;gjw;fhf mtw;wpd; mtjhdpf;fj;jf;f Gw ,ay;Gfs;
,izf;ftu;r; Nrhbfshf mikAk; tz;zk; ml;ltizg;gLj;jy;;
iv. 1. 3 2. F 3. E. 4. D 5. B
2. A 4 5 C
v. 1. Chondrichthyes 2. Osteichthyes
2. A.i. a. Xa;T epiyapy; mUl;lg;glf;$ba fynkhd;wpd; / euk;Gf; fynkhd;wpd; KjYU nkd;rt;Tf;F/
ntspf;fhT euk;GKisf;F/ FWf;fhf cs;s mOj;j NtWghlhFk;.
b. 1. fyj;jpw;Fg; Gwk;ghd jputj;Jld; xg;gpLifapy; fyj;jpDs; fhzg;gLk; mad;fspd;
nrwptpYs;s tpj;jpahrk;
2. K
+
, Na
+
vd;gtw;iwj; Nju;e;J GftpLk; jd;ik nfhz;l KjYUnkd;rt;T.
3
.
Na
+
, K
+
gk;Gjy;
ii. a.jhq;fw; nfhs;sstpYk; ghh;f;f Jhz;lypd; nrwpT mjpfhpf;ifapy; euk;Gf; fynkhd;wpd;
KjYU nkd;rt;Tf;Ff; FWf;fhf kpd;dOj;j NtWghl;by; Vw;gLk; kPSk; jd;ikAs;s
tpiuthd khw;wk;
b. 2. Na
+
rpWfhy;tha;fspd; kpd;dOj;jg;gliyfs; jpwe;J Na
+
mjpfstpy; euk;Gf;fyj;jpDs;;
guTjiyj; njhlh;e;J ,Wjpapy; mit Klg;gly;
;
3. K
+
rpWfhy;tha;fspd; kpd;dOj;jg;gliyfs; jpwg;gjhy; K
+
mjpfstpy;
euk;Gf;fyj;jpypUe;J ntspNa guTjiyj; njhlh;e;J ,Wjpapy; mit Klg;gly;
iii. a. %sp b. eL%is c. Ve;jp d. guptff;fPo;
iv. vspa J}z;lYf;F rhu;gstpy; khwhjJk; cldbahdJkhd
vjph;T $wf;$ba ,r;irapd;wpa J}z;lw;NgW
x2
x1
x2
x1
x5
x2
x10
x2
x20 x2 =40 Marks
34 + 30 + 40 = 104 Marks Max 100 Marks
x1
x3
x1
x1
x1
x4
x2
3
v. Gyd; euk;Gf;fyk;> ,ilj;J}J euk;Gf;fyk;> ,af;f euk;Gf;fyk;
vi. XNkhd;fisf; nfhz;L nry;yy;/ cly; mq;fq;fSf;fpilapy;
clw;nwhopYf;Fhpa ,izg;ig Vw;gLj;jy;.
B. i.a. RUq;fw; FUjpaKf;fj;jpw;Fk; js;uTf;FUjpaKf;fj;jpw;Fkpilapyhd NtWghL
b. Adrenaline , ADH, Aldosterone, Renin
ii. FUjpaKf;fkhdJ Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;l kl;lj;jpYk; ghh;f;f caustpy; epiyj;jpUj;jy;
iii. A. Gavd;G B. Miu vd;G C. mue;jp vd;G D. kzpf;fl;nld;Gfs;
E.( 5k); mDkzpf;fl;nld;G
iv. Njhl;gl;il vd;G . fpz;zf;Fop
v. a. kdpjdpd; mj;jpyR Ks;nsd;gpd; Nkw;Gw Nehf;F
b.. P. gplnud;Gf;Fkpo; %l;LKfg;G Q. gy;YUKis %l;lg;gLk; gug;G
Q. Ks;nsd;G ehbf;fhy;tha; S. euk;Gf;fhy;tha;
C. i. A. Nrl;Nlhypapd; fyk; C. %yTapu; Nkyzpf;fyk; B. rpw;wpilntspf;fyk; my;yJ Nybf;fpd;
fyk;
ii. 1. Inhibin Ruj;jy; 2). jpd;Fopar;nray; %yk; tpe;jhF fykhdJ tpe;Jf;fykhf tpaj;jkiljy;
3. tpe;Jg;gpwg;gpd; ntt;NtW tpUj;jpepiyapYs;s fyq;fSf;Fg; Nghriz toq;fy;
4. tpe;Jg;gpwg;gpd; ntt;NtW tpUj;jpepiyapYs;s fyq;fisg; gpizj;jy;
iii. 1. FSH 2. LH
iv. a. ngz; ,dg;ngUf;fr; Rtl;by; Ruf;fg;gLk; Rug;Gfshy; mq;F tplg;gLk; tpe;Jf;fspd; KjYU
nkd;rt;tpy; rpy %yf;$w;Wf;Fupa khw;wq;fs; Vw;gl;L tpe;Jf;fspd; ,aq;Fk; Mw;wy;
mjpfupj;jy;
b. tpe;Jf;fyk; MiuKbia CLUt cjTjy;
v. . fy;rpak; mad;
vi. a. 1.Mz;$k;G 2. Ez;tpj;jp 3. #y;tpj;J 4. khtpj;jp
b. Ez;tpj;jpapiy
c. 1. ngz;fyr;rddp, mirfpd;w Mz;Gzup
3. A. i.. a. madkz;ly kiof;fhL / jho;epy kiof;fhL
b. 1. gilnfhs;sy; 2. njhlr;rpahd tpjhdk;
ii. jho;ehl;L <utyak;
iii. 1. caph;g;gy;tifikr; nropg;G kpf;fJk; mjpf cs;ehl;Lf;Fhpa ,dq;fisf;nfhz;lJkhd
2. cyfpy; mrhjhuz kl;lj;jpy; Mgj;Jf;fpyf;fhfpAs;s ,lq;fs;
iv. mjpfstpy; fhzg;gLk; jhtutu;f;fk;> gpuNjrj;Jf;Fupa rpwg;gpay;ghd fhyepiy>
Fwpj;j #oYf;fhd mq;fpfspd; ,irthf;fk; vd;gtw;iw fUj;jpw; nfhz;L
ghFgLj;jg;gLfpd;w> cyfpy; ngUk; gug;Gf;fspy; tpahgpj;Js;s gpujhd jiuf;Fhpa
#ow;nwhFjpfs;.
x3
x1
x1
x1
x4
x1
x5
x2
x1
x4
x3
x3
x2
x2
x1
x1
x4
x2
34 + 36 + 36 = 106 Marks Max 100 Marks
x1
x2
x1
x2
x3
4
v. ,ilntg;gepiy mfd;w ,iyf; fhLfs;
$k;Gspf;fhLfs; / ijfh
,ilntg;gtyag; Gyepyq;fs;
, ilntg;gepiy vd;Wk; gr;irahd fhLfs; my;yJ rg;guy;
vi. 1. ijfh 2. madkz;ly kiof;fhL 3. je;jpuh 4. rtd;dh
B. i. xU ,dj;jpd; ,Wjpj;jdpaDk; g+kpapypUe;J kiwe;J Nghjy;
ii. Gjpa ,dk; Njhd;w ,lkspj;jy;
iii. Trilobites - Permian
Ammonites - Cretaceous
iv.a. cyfshtpa Kiwapy; jhtuq;fs;> tpyq;F ,dq;fspd; fhg;G me;j];Jf;fs; /
ftdj;jpw;Fs;shf;fg;gl;l me;j];Jf;fs; njhlu;ghd gjpNtL
b. 1. ,aw;ifapy; mope;Jtpl;l / tdtho;epiyapy; mope;Jtpl;l(EW) rpnry; ,d; ,uhl;rj Mikfs;
/ Alphonsea hortensis
2. ngUksT Mgj;Jf;F ,yf;fhfpa (CR) Macrognathus aral Lesser spiny eel (rpWKs;spyh]u;)
Dermochelys coreacea (leather back turtle (tupahik)
3. Mgj;Jf;F ,yf;fhfpa Endangered (EN) Caretta caretta ngUe;jiyMik (Loggerhead turtle )
Melursus ursinus fub
4. ftdj;jpw;Fs;shf;fg;gl;l Vulnerable (VU) - Elephas maximus ,e;jpad;ahid / ,yq;if ahid
v. ,aw;ifahf thOfpd;w jhtuq;fs; tpyq;FfspdJ epyTiff;F Mgj;ij Vw;gLj;jhj tifapy;
mtw;wpd; rh;tNjr th;j;jfj;jpw;F mDkjp toq;Fjy;;.
ru;tNjr Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;;;j <uepyq;fisf; fhg;Gr; nra;jy; / <u epyq;fspy; caph;g;
gy;tifikia gpujhdkhf ePh;f;Nfhopfis fhg;Gr; nra;jy;.
C .i a. capupurhadf; nfhs;if
b. Alexander Oparin and JBS Haldane
ii. a. tiuaWf;fg;gl;l epge;jidfspy; xU Fbj;njhifapd; re;jjpfspilNa vjpUU mjpu;ntz;Zk;
gpwg;Gupik mikg;G mjpu;ntz;Zk; khwpypahf ,Uf;Fk;.
b. 1. ngupa Fbj;njhifahf ,Uj;jy; 2. vOe;jkhdkhd ,df;fyg;G epfo;jy;
3. FbtuT> Fbafy;T epfohjpUj;jy; 4. tpfhuk;> Nju;T epfohjpUj;jy;
iii. 1. cau;thd ,dg;ngUf;f Mw;wy; 2. khwhf; Fbj;njhif msT.
3. Fbj;njhifapDs; fhzg;gLk; gy;tifik.
iv. xU mq;fpapd; gpwg;Gupikg; gjhu;j;jj;jpy; my;yJ [PNdhkpy; rLjpahf> vOe;jgbahf Vw;gLfpd;w
jiyKiwAupik milaf; $ba khw;wk;
v. 1. ntspwy; (Albinism) 2. mupthl;fyf; FUjpr; Nrhif (Sickle cell anaemia)
3.jyrPkpah . (Thalassaemia ) / rpiwg;ig ehuhjy( cystic fibrosis);
vi. a. VfNuh]; n[y; kpd;dadk; (Agarose gel electrophorosis)/ mlh;j;jpg;gbj;jpwd; ikaePf;fy;
b. fjpu;j;njhopw;ghl;L rkjhdpahy; FwpaPL nra;ag;gl;l iejurd; fhuq;fspd; njhlnuhOq;F
mwpag;gl;l jdpj;j ,io nfhz;l DNA apd; rpwpa Jz;L.
X3
x4
x1
x4
x1
x1
x8
x2
x1
x2
x1
x4
x3
x1
x3
x1
x1
x17 x2 =34 Marks
32 + 34 + 34 = 100 Marks
5
4. A. i. Fwpj;j Xuplj;jpYs;s rfy tifahd Ez;zq;fpfspdJk; gjpa cly;fs;> mtw;wpd; tpj;jpfs;
Nghd;w rfy mikg;Gf;fisAk; Kw;whf mopf;Fk; nrad;Kiw
ii.a <untg;g Kiw
mKf;fmLfydpy; (Autoclave) 121
o
C ntg;gepiyapy; 15 ,whj;jy; / rJu mq;Fyk; mKf;fj;jpy;
15 epkpl Neuk; itj;jpUf;fg;gl;L; cau;ntg;gepiyapYs;s nfhjp ePuhtpapd; %yk;
b. cyu;ntg;gKiw - fdyLg;G (Oven) my;yJ ntg;g tspg;ngl;bapDs;Ns itf;fg;gl;L
160
o
C ntg;gepiyapy; 1 - 2 kzp Neuk; itj;jpUf;fg;gl;L cyu;e;j ntg;gkhd tspapd; %yk;;
iii. 1. czT nkd;ikailjy; / ,ioaikg;G khw;wkiljy;
2. czT xl;Lk; jd;ikAs;sjhfkhWjy;/ gprpd; Njhd;Wjy;/ tOtOg;Gj;jd;ikahdjhf khWjy;.
3. czT epwNkw;wg;gLjy; 4.; Rit khw;wkiljy; 5. nfl;l kzk; cUthjy;
6. cztpy; er;Rg; nghUs; Njq;Fjy;
iv. a. cztpYs;s Ez;zq;fpfs; rpytw;wpd; mDNrgj;njhopw;ghL fhuzkhf mtw;wpd; clypw;Fg;
Gwj;Nj Ruf;fg;gL;k; GweQ;Rfs; cztpy; Nru;f;fg;gLtjhy; cztpy; er;Rj; jd;ik Vw;gLjy;
b. Clostridium botulinum
v. a. Corynebacterium glutamicus b. , Acetobacter aceti c. Bacillus thuringiensis
vi. a. Pseudomonas b. Nitrobacter c. Rhizobium / Azotobacter
B. i.a. jhtu ,iyfspd; ( mq;Fug;gFjpapy;) Nkw;Nwhypy; fhzg;gLfpd;w xU Nrhb fhtw;fyq;fspdhy;
vy;iyg;gLj;jg;gl;Ls;s Ez;zpa Jthuk;
b. thAf;fspd; gupkhw;wj;jpy; cjTjy;.
ii.
gr;iraTUkzp
iii. jhtuj;jpd; fhw;Wf;Fupa gFjpfsp;D}lhf ePuhdJ ePuhtpahf ,of;fg;gLjy;
iv. a. cwpQ;rd; khdp
b. 1.jhtuf;fpisia ePupDs; itj;J ntl;Ljy;
2. ePUf;Fs;NsNa jz;lhdJ cgfuzj;Jld; nghUj;jy;
3. cgfuzk; fhw;wpWf;fkhf milf;fg;gLjy;
v. 1. ,iyg;gug;G xLf;fg;gLjy; 2. ,iyfs; nrjpypiyfshff; fhzg;gLjy
3.; jbj;j Gwj;Njhy; fhzg;gLjy; 4. Fopfspy; mike;j ,iytha;fs; fhzg;gLjy;
5. Nkw;Nwhypy; kapu;fs; fhzg;gLjy 6. ntg;gkhd fhyq;fspy; ,iyfs; RUSjy;
x1
x3
x3
x1
x1
x4
x3
x2
x1
x1
Nkw;Nwhy;
fyk;
fhtw;; fyk;
,iytha;
jbj;j Rtu;
glk; x5
x1
x1
x3
x4
6
C. i. jhtuclypy; Xu; gFjpapy; ,aw;ifahf cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLfpd;w>
kpff;Fiwe;j nrwptpy;> tsu;r;rpiaAk;; tpUj;jpiaAk; rPuhf;Ffpd;w> vspa Nrjdg;gjhu;j;jq;fs
ii. vjyPd;
iii. 1. vjpyPd; 2. irw;Nwhifdpd; 3. mg;rprpf;fkpyk; 4. [pguypd; 5. vjyPd;
iv. 1. fyd; khwpioak; - Jizf;fho;> JizAupak;
2. jf;if khwpioak; - jf;if> Jiz Nkw;gl;il/ jf;ifg;gl;il
v. a jhtuk; xd;wpd; Jizf;fho;g;gFjpahFk;
b. rj;Jituk; ePh;;> fdpAg;G nfhz;L nry;tjw;F cjTfpwJ.
gFjp II B (fl;Liu)
5.a. ,iokzpapd; fl;likg;G
1. ngUk;ghYk; NfhYUthdJ/ sousage shaped
2. ,U nkd;rt;Tfshy; ciwaplg;gl;lJ.
3. ntspnkd;rt;T mOj;jkhdJ/ gug;gsT Fiwe;jjJ.
4. cs;nkd;rt;T mOj;jkw;wJ/ cs;Nehf;fpa kbg;Gfisf; nfhz;lJ
5. ,t; mikg;Gf;fs; cr;rp / KfL vdg;gLk;.
6. ntspnkd;rt;Tf;Fk; cs;nkd;rt;Tf;FkpilNa cs;s ,ilntspapy; nehjpaq;fs; fhzg;gLk;
7. ,iokzpapd; kj;jpapy;; jhak; cz;L.
8. ,J tl;lTU DNA 9. RNA 10.70S tif iwNghNrhk;
11. fpug;gpd; rf;fuj;jhf;fq;fSf;Fupa nehjpaq;fs; vd;gdtw;iwf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;.
Kw;whfg;ngahplg;gl;l glk;= 9 Gs;spfs;
x4
x1
x5
x6
x1
x1
36 + 32 + 36 = 104 Marks Max 100 Marks
jhak;
ntspnkd;rt;T
nkd;rt;tpilntsp
cs;nkd;rt;T
cr;rp / KfL
nghRNgw;Wr;
rpWJzpf;if
tl;l DNA
70 S tif
iwNghNrhk;
7
b. fhw;Wr; Rthr epfo;r;rpfs;
12 fpisf;NfhgFg;G
13. ig&Ntw;W xl;rpNaw;wk;
14. fpug;gpd; tl;lk;.
15. ,yj;jpud; flj;jy; rq;fpyp Mfpa ehd;F gbfis cilaJ.
16. fpisf;Nfh gFg;G irw;Nwh nrhy;ypy; / FopaTUtpy; eilngWfpd;wJ.
17. ,r; nrad;Kiw xl;rprdpy; jq;fpapUg;gjpy;iy.
18. ,jpy; jdpj;Jtkhd nehjpaq;fspdhy; Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLfpd;w xU njhluhd jhf;fg;gbfs; ,lk;
ngWfpd;wd.
19. ,jd;NghJ FSf;NfhR %yf;$W gFjpahf xl;rpNaw;wg;gl;L> ,uz;L %yf;$Wfs;
ig&Ntw;W tpisthf;fg;gLk;.
20. Muk;gj;jpy; jhf;fj;ij VTjw;fhf ,uz;L ATP %yf;$Wfs; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd.
21. fPo;g;gil kl;l nghRgugiuNyw;wk; eilngw;W 4 ATP cw;gj;jp nra;ag;gLfpd;wJ.
22. ,jd;NghJ Njwpa ,yhgkhf 2 ATP %yf;$Wfs; cUthfpd;wd.
23. ,r;nrad;Kiwapy; 2 NAD %yf;$Wfs; jho;j;jg;gl;L 2 NADH %yf;$Wfs; cUthf;fg;
gLfpd;wd.
24. xl;rprd; cs;sNghJ khj;jpuk; nfhz;L nry;yy; Gujj;jpd; cjtpAld;.
25. ,iokzpapd; jhaj;jpw;Fs; ig&Ntw;W cl;nry;Yfpd;wJ
26 mq;F ig&Ntw;W mrw;iwy; CoA Mf khw;wg;gLfpd;wJ.
27. ,jd;NghJ fhnghl;iryfw;wypdhy; CO
2
ntspNaw;wg;gLtJld;
28. Ijurd; mfw;wYf;F cl;gLtjdhy; NADH ck; cUthfpd;wJ.
29. fpug;gpd; tl;lj;jpd;NghJ jdpj;Jtkhd nehjpaq;fspdhy; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;w gy jhf;fg;gbfs;.
30. rf;fu xOq;fpy; eilngWfpd;wJ.
31. ,jd;NghJ Acety CoA MdJ ehd;F fhgd; Nrh;itahd xl;rNyh mrw;Nww;Wld; jhf;fkile;J
32. rpj;jpNuw;W vd;Dk; MW fhgd; Nrh;itia cUthf;Ffpd;wJ.
33. Jiz nehjpak; A tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
34. rpj;jpNuw;W MdJ xU njhluhd jhf;fq;fSf;Fl;gl;L xl;rNyh mrw;Nww;whf kPz;Lk;
Gj;Japh;f;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
35. ,jd;NghJ Ijurd; mfw;wy;.
36. fhnghl;iryfw;wy;
37. fPo;g;gil kl;l nghRgiuNyw;wk; vd;gd epfo;fpd;wd.
38. fpug;gpd; tl;lk; xU jlit epfOk;NghJ 2CO
2
, 3NADH, FADH
2
, 1ATP vd;gd
tpisthf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
39. ,yj;jpud; flj;jy; rq;fpyp ,iokzpapd; cs;nkd;rt;tpd; my;yJ Kfl;by; eilngWfpd;wJ.
40. ,jd;NghJ jho;j;jg;gl;l Jiz nehjpaq;fspy; ,Ue;J tpLtpf;fg;gLfpd;w ,yj;jpud;fs;
41. njhluhd fyj;jpd; fhtp %yf;$WfspD}lhf / irw;Nwh FNuhkpD}lhf flj;jg;gLfpd;wd.
42. ,jd;NghJ gy;NtW ,lq;fspy; ,of;fg;gLk; rf;jpahdJ ATP Mf khw;wg;gLfpd;wJ.
43. ,e; epfo;r;rp xl;rpNaw;w nghRgiuNyw;wk; vdg;gLk;.
44 xU NADH %yf;$wpypUe;J 3ATP %yf;$WfSk;
8
45. xU FADH
2
,y;; ,Ue;J 2 ATP %yf;$WfSk; Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
46. ,t; ,yj;jpud;fs; ,Wjpahf tspkz;ly xl;rprd; %yf;$W xd;wpdhy; Vw;Wf;nfhs;sg;gl;L
47. ePh; %yf;$W Xh; gf;f tpisthf cUthfpd;wJ.
2. kdpj EiuaPuypd; nkhj;jf;fl;likg;G
1. EiuaPuy;fs; xt;nthd;Wk; Gilr;rtTfshy;; #og;gl;Ls;sd.
2. $k;G tbthdit.
3. cr;rp Nky;GwkhfTk; mb fPo;g;GwkhfTk; cz;L.
4. eLf;Nfhl;L Nkw;gug;gpy; fPyk; cz;L.
5. ,jD}L EiuaPuy; ehb> Rthrg;igf;Foha; ,uz;L EiuaPuy; ehsq;fs;> epzePh;f; fyd;fs;>
jd;dhl;rp euk;Gfs; nry;Yfpd;wd.
6. tyJ EiuaPuy; %d;W Nrhizfis cilaJ.
7. ,lJ EiuaPuy; ,uz;L Nrhizfis cilaJ.
8. tyJ Rthrg;ig Foha; tyJ EiuaPuypDs; nrd;W %d;W fpisfshfg; gphpfpd;wJ.
9. ,lJ Rthrg;ig Foha; ,lJ EiuaPuypDs; nrd;W ,uz;L fpisfshfg; gphpfpd;wJ.
10. ,f; fpisfs; NkYk; gphpe;J Rthrg;igr; rpWFoha;fis Mf;Ffpd;wd.
11. Rthrg;igf; Foha;fspYk;> Rthrg;ig rpWFoha;fspYk; Rth;fs; kokog;Gj; jiria cilad.
12. Rthrg;ghijapd; ngUk;gFjpapy; Nghypg;gil nfhz;l gprph;f;fk;g Nkyzp fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
13. Rthrg;ig rpWFoha;fs; frpapioaq;fs; mw;wit.
14. Rthrg;ig rpWFoha;fs; Kidf;Fhpa Rthrg;ig rpWFoha;fs;.
15. Rthrj;jpw;Fhpa Rthrg;ig rpWFoha;fs; vd;gdthfg; gphptile;J
16. ,Wjpahf rpw;wiwf;fhid Mf;Ffpd;wd.
17. rpw;wiwf; fhd;fs; rpw;wiwfspy; Kbtilfpd;wd.
18. rpw;wiwfs; Fkpop tbthdit.
19. ,it Rthpy; vspa nrjpy; Nkyzpf;fyq;fisAk;
20. Surfactant Ruf;Fk; fyd;fisAk; nfhz;bUf;Fk;.
21. Rthpd; cl;Gw Nkw;gug;gpy; ngUe; jpd;fyq;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd.
22. rpw;wiwfisr; #o cah; mstpy; FUjpkaph;f; Foha;fs; cz;L.
b. fhw;Nwhl;lr; rPuhf;fy;
22. fhw;Nwhl;ly; ,r;irapd;wpf; fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
23. ,J %isapd; ePs; tisaikatpioaj;jpYs;s Rthr re;j ikaj;jpdhYk;.
24. tNuhypapd; ghyj;jpYs;s Pneumo taxic ikaj;jpdhYk;
25. Apneustic ikaj;jpdhYk; xOq;fhf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
26. Rthrr; re;jikakhdJ cl;Rthrikak;
27. ntspr;Rthr ikak; Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.
28. FUjpapy; CO
2
nrwpT mjpfhpf;Fk; NghJ / O
2
nrwpT FiwAk;NghJ / pH FiwAk; NghJ
29. ,urhad thq;fpfs; J}z;lg;gLfpd;d.
47 x 3 =141
glk; = 09
nkhj;jk; = 150 Gs;spfs;
9
30. rpuR cly; J}z;lg;gLk;NghJ cUthFk; fzj;jhf;fk;.
31. ehTU njhz;il euk;gpdhYk;.
32. ngUehb cly; J}z;lg;gl;L cUthFk; fzj;jhf;fq;fs;.
33. miyAU euk;gpd; %ykhfTk;
34. cl; Rthr ikaj;jpw;F flj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
35 cl;Rthr ikakhdJ gOtpil euk;G%yk; ntspg;gOtpilj; jirf;Fk;.
36. nkd;wfl;bil euk;gpd; %yk; gphpnkd;wflLj;jirf;Fk; fzj;jhf;fj;ijf; flj;Jfpd;wJ.
37. ,jdhy; Nkw;gb jirfs; RUf;fkile;J neQ;riwf;Fopapd; fdtsT mjpfhpj;J cl;Rthrk;
epfOfpd;wJ.
38. Apneustic ikakhdJ cl;Rthrk; ePbj;jpUf;Fk; fhyj;ij mjpfupf;fr;nra;fpwJ.
39. EiuaPuypd; <h;j;j tjq;fpfs; J}z;lg;gl;L Njhd;Wk; fzj;jhf;fkhdJ.
40. miyAU euk;gpD}lhf.
41. Pneumotaxic ikaj;jpw;Ff; flj;jg;gLfpd;wJ.
42. ,jdhy; cl;Rthr ikak; epNuhjpf;fg;gLtJld;
43. Pneumotaxic ikaKk; epNuhjpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
44. ,jidj; njhlh;e;J ntspr;Rthrk; epfo Muk;gpf;fpd;wJ.
C. rpfulLg;; Gifj;jypdhy; tpisAk; cldyf; NfLfs;.
45. Rthrg;igapYs;s nfz;bf;fyq;fspdhy; rPjk; Ruf;fg;gLtijj; J}z;LtJld; gprph;fspd; mirT
epNuhjpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
46. rPjk; Njq;fp Rthrg;igr; rpWFoha;fis milglr; nra;J Rthrg;igf; Foha; mow;rp
Vw;gLfpd;wJ.
47. gprpuirT fl;Lg;gLj;jg;gLtjdhy; J}rpfs; Rthrg;ghijapy; Njq;FtJld; Rthrg;ig
,ioaq;fspy; jpd;Fopaf;fyq;fs; mjpfupf;Fk;.
48. ,f;fyq;fspdhy; ngUksT ePu;g;gFg;G nehjpaq;fs; Ruf;fg;gl;L rpw;wiw ,ioaq;fs;
rpijtiltjdhy; gad;gL thAg;gupkhw;w Nkw;gug;gsT FiwtilAk;.
49. Gifapy; fhzg;gLk; fhgNdhnuhl;irl;L <NkhFNshgpDld; Nru;e;J kPSe;jftw;w fhnghl;rp
<NkhFNshgpidj; Njhw;Wtpg;gjhy; xl;rp<NkhFNshgpd; cUthFk; msT Fiwfpd;wJ. vdNt
FUjpapdhy; flj;jg;gLk; xl;rprd; msT FiwAk;.
50. Gifapy;fhzg;gLk; epf;nfhl;bd; jw;fhypfkhf ,jaj;Jbg;G tPjj;ij mjpfupf;fr; nra;tJld;
Rw;way; FUjpf;fyd;fis RUq;fj; J}z;Ltjd; %yk; FUjpaKf;fj;ijAk; mjpfupf;fr; nra;Ak;.
51. Rthrg;igr;rpWFoha; Nkyzpf;fyq;fspdJ ngUf;fj;ijj; J}z;Ltjhy; mrhjhuz
fyj;jpzpTfs; cUthFk;.
52. ,f;fyq;fspy; rpy Gw;WNeha;f;fykhf cUthfp EiuaPuy; my;yJ Vida mq;fq;fSf;Fk;
gutpf;nfhs;Sk;.
7. a.kdpjf; fz;zpd; nkhj;jf; fl;likg;G
1.kdpjf;fz; MdJ Nfhstbthd mq;fk;.
2. ,jd; RtH %d;Wgilfis cilaJ.
3. ntspg;Gwg;gilehupioag;gil>
VjhtJ 50 x3 =150
10
4. eLg;gil fyd;gil
5. cl;Gwg;gil - tpopj;jpiug;gil/ euk;gpioag;gil
6. ehupioag;gil/ntspg;gil tpoptd;NfhJUtpdhYk; tpopntz;glyj;jpdhYkhdJ
7. tpoptd;NfhJU xspiag; GftpLk; ,ay;gw;wJ.
8. tpopntz;glyk; xspiaKwpj;J Gftplf;$baJ. FUjpf;fyd;fs; mw;wJ.
9. fyd;gil / eLg;gilahdJ NjhYUg;gpd;dy;
10. gprpUly;>
11. fjpuhsp vd;gdtw;iw mikf;Fk;.
12. NjhYU gpd;dy; nky;ypa nkd;rt;T FUjpf;fyd;fisAk; epwg;nghUl;fisAk; nfhz;lJ.
13. gprpUly; kokog;Gj; jirapdhy MdJ.
15. tpy;iy FtpthdJ. xspiaKwpj;J Gftplf;$baJ.
16. gprpUlYld; jhq;Fk; ,izaq;fspd;; %yk; ,izf;fg;gl;lJ.
17. fjpuhsp tpy;iyf;F Kw;Gwkhf mike;Js;sJ / fjpuhsp epwg;nghUl;fisf; nfhz;Ls;sJ.
19. fjpuhspapd; kj;jpapy; cs;s Jthuk; fz;kzpahFk;.
20. tpopntz;glyj;jpw;Fk; tpy;iyf;Fk; ,ilapy; ePHkaTldPH cz;L.
21. tpy;iyf;Fk; tpopj;jpiuf;Fkpilapy; fz;zhbAldPu; cz;L.
22. tpopj;jpiu fz;tpopapdJ Rtupd; cl;GwgilahFk;
23. Kw;Gwk; njhlu;r;rp mw;W fpz;ztbthfTs;sJ
24. ghu;it mr;rpd; gpw;Gw me;jj;jpy; tpopj;jpiuapd; kj;jpa gFjpapy; mty; fhzg;gLk;.
25. ,J jdpNa $k;Gf;fyq;fis kl;Lk; nfhz;lJ.
26. ,ijr; #oTs;s kQ;rs;epwg;gFjp kQ;rl;nghl;L
28. mitahtd ntspg;gf;fkhf epwkzpfisf; nfhz;l jdpf;fyg;gil
29. cl;Gwk; xsp czu; fyg;gil
30. ,ijaLj;J ,U KidTeuk;Gf;fyk; nfhz;l ,ileuk;Gf;fyg;gil
31. cl;Gwk; jpul;Leuk;Gf;fyg;gil
32. xspAzh; gilapy; $k;Gf;fyk;
33. Nfhy;fyk; vd ,Utif cz;L.
34. $k;Gf;fyk;. Photopsin epwg;nghUisAilaJ.
35. Nfhy; fyk; Rhodopsin epwg;nghUisAilaJ.
36. Nfhy;fyk; cau; vz;zpf;ifahdJ
37. $k;Gf;fyk; %d;W tifahdJ
38. ghu;it euk;G ntspNaWk; tpopj;jpiu mw;w gFjp ghu;itj;jl;L / FUl;blk;. vdg;gLk;.
b. kdpjf; fz;zpd; gFjpfspd; njhopy;fs;
39. tpoptd;NfhJU : fz;tpopapd; cl;Gwj;ijg; ghJfhj;jy;
40. fz;zpd; tbtj;ijg; NgZjy;
41. jirfs; ehl;lg;gl ,lkspj;jy;
42. tpopntz;glyk;: : xspf;fjpu;fis Kwptilar;nra;J GftpLjy;.
43. NjhYUg; gpd;dy; Nghriz toq;fy; / xl;rprd; toq;fy;
44. fz;zpDs; tUk; Nkyjpf xspf;fjpu;fis cwpQ;Rjy;. / xspj;njwpg;igj; jLj;jy;
11
45. gprpUly;: fz;zpd; tpy;iyapd; tistpdhiuia khw;Wjy;
46. fjpuhsp : fz;tpopapDs; GFk; xspapd; msitf;fl;Lg;gLj;jy;
47. tpy;iy: xspf;fjpu;fis Kwptilar; nra;J tpopj;jpiuapy; Ftpj;jy;
48. tpopj;jpiu: xspf;F czh;T cilait
49. tpk;gk; Njhd;w cjTjy; / jpiuahfj; njhopw;gLjy;.
50. xspj;njwpg;igj; jLj;jy;/ Nkyjpf xspf;fjpu;fis cwpQ;Rjy;.
51. mty;: . $u;ikahd ghu;itia Vw;gLj;Jjy;
52. Nfhy;f;fyk;: : kq;fyhd xspapy; ghu;itia Vw;gLj;Jjy;
53. $k;Gf;fyk;: : gpufhrkhd xspapy; ghu;itia Vw;gLj;Jjy;>
54. epwg;ghu;itia Vw;gLj;Jjy;
8. ,aw;if tsq;fs; mtw;iwr; rhJupakhfg; gad;gLj;jy;
1. kdpjdpd; nghUshjhutpUj;jpf;F gad;gLgitAk;
2. ehshe;j tho;f;ifapy; cgNahfg;gLgitAk;
3. ,aw;ifahff; fpilg;gitAkhd
4. rf;jpAk; gjhu;j;jq;fSk; ,aw;if tsq;fs; vdg;gLk;.
5.. ,t; ,aw;if tsq;fs; capUs;sitahfNth
6. my;yJ capuw;witahfNth ,Uf;fyhk;.
7. capUs;s ,aw;iftsq;fs; mNdfkhfg; gJg;gpf;fg;glf;$bait.
8. cjhuzk; fhLfs;> kPd;fs;
VjhtJ 47 x3 =141 glk; 09 =150
jir
td;NfhJU
NjhYU
tpopj;jpiu
fz;zhbAldPu;
mty;
FUl;blk;
ghu;it euk;G
jir
Nky;fz;kly;
gpzpf;if
tpopntz;glyk;
ePu;kaTldPu;
fz;kzp
tpy;iy
fjpuhsp
tpy;iy jhq;fpapizak;
gprpu;j;jir
gprpUly;
12
9. vdpDk; rpy capuw;w ,aw;if tsq;fs; kPs;tl;lKWjYf;F cl;gl;L gJg;gpf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
10. cjhuzk;. kz;> tsp> J}aePu;.
11. capuw;w rpy ,aw;if tsq;fs; gJg;gpf;fg;gl Kbahjit.
12. ,tw;wpy; rpy kPs;Row;rpf;F cl;glhjit.
13. cjhuzk; ngw;Nwhypag; nghUl;fs;> epyf;fup> khzpf;ff; fw;fs;> Rz;zhk;Gf;fy;> mg;giuw;W>
Nghf;irl;> fpwigw;> Nghdwd. ( VjhtJ xd;W)
14. rpy gJg;gpf;fg;glKbahj capuw;w ,aw;if tsq;fs; kPs;Row;rpf;F cl;gLj;jg;gl;L jpUk;gj;
jpUk;gcgNahfpf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
15. cjhuzk; ,Uk;G Nghd;w cNyhff; fdpAAg;Gf;fs;
16. ,aw;if tsq;fs; kl;Lg;gLj;jg;gl;l mstpNyNa Gtpapy; cz;L.
17. GJg;gpf;fg;glf;$ba capUs;s ,aw;iftsq;fs; cw;gj;jpahtijtpl
18. Fiwe;j Ntfj;jpNyNa nghJthfg; gad;gLj;jg;gLfpd;wd. cjhuzk; fhL> kPd;fs;
19. ,it kpifahf Efug;gl;lhy; gJg;gpf;fg;gl Kbahj kl;lj;ij milayhk;
20. rpy ,aw;if tsq;fs; jPu;e;J Nghf Kbahjit
21. cjhuzk; #upa xsp> fhw;W> flyiy> fly;ePu;
22. ,aw;iftsq;fs; msthd cgNahfj;jpw;Nf mDkjpf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
23. mtw;iwg; Gj;jprhJupaj;Jld; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.
24. ,y;yhtpby; mit Nja;tilAk; / moptilAk;.
25. kz;zupf;fg;gLtjw;F ,lkspf;ff;$lhJ.
26. Vnddpy; ,J epyr;rPuopTf;F ,l;Lr; nry;Yk;.
27. ,jd;fhuzkhf Kjy; cw;gj;jpj;jpwd; FiwtilAk;.
28. ePiu Kiwikahf / Gj;JrhJupaj;Jld; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;.
29. ,y;yhtpby; ePu;g;gw;whf;Fiw Vw;gl;L Rfhjhug; gpur;rpidfs;>
30.. Neha;g;guk;gy; Vw;gLk;.
31.. $Ljyhd ePu;g;gha;r;ry; fhuzkhf ePu;Njq;fp
32. tptrha epyq;fspy; ctu;j;jd;ik Vw;gLfpwJ.
33. fhLfs; mjpfstpy; Ruz;lg;gl;lhy; cs;Su; kiotPo;r;rp FiwtJld;
34. capu;g;gy;tifikAk; FiwAk;.
35. kz;zpy; ePuNjq;Fk; jpwd; FiwAk;.
36. ,jdhy; ePz;l fhy Nehf;fpy; gapu; tpisr;ry; FiwAk;.
37. mw;Wg;Nghfhj tsqfis $Ljyhfg; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. cjhuzk; fhw;W> #uparf;jp
Nghd;wd.
38. kpd;rf;jpia cUthf;f khw;Wr; rf;jp Kjy;fisg; gad;gLj;j Ntz;Lk.;
40. GJg;gpf;fg;gl Kbahj tsq;fspd; ghtid Fiwf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
41. gJg;gpf;fg;gl Kbahj rpy tsq;fspd; kPs;Row;rp Cf;Ftpf;fg;gLjy; Ntz;Lk;.
42. cjhuzk; ,Uk;G. Nghd;w cNyhff; fdpAg;Gfs;
43. kPd;fs; mjpfstpy; kpif Efu;Tf;f cl;gLj;jg;glf; $lhJ.
44. ,jdhy; capu;g;gy;tifik FiwtiltJld; tpisr;rYk; FiwtilAk;.
45. ,aw;iftsq;fspd; rupahd ghtid njhlu;ghf khztu;fSf;F fy;tp Gfl;ly; Ntz;Lk;.
46. rl;lq;fs; rupahf mKy;gLj;jg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
47. rl;lq;fis kPWNthu; jz;bf;fg;gly; Ntz;Lk;.
VjhtJ 38 x4 =152 Max 150 Gs;spfs;
13
9. cNyhfg; gpupj;njLg;G
1. ,Uk;Gk; ry;igl;Lk; nfhz;l cNyhfj; jhJf;fspy; ,Ue;J ( CuFeS
2
)/ Chalcopyrite ,ypUe;J
2. nrk;G gpupj;njLf;fg;gLfpwJ.
3. Thiobacillus ferrooxidans / Thioobacillus thiooxidans Nghd;w
4. gw;wPhpahf;fspd; mDNrgj; njhopw;ghl;bdhy;
5. O
2
Kd;dpiyapy; FeSO
4
fiuryhdJ
6. H
2
SO
4
MfTk;;
7. Fe
3+
MfTk;; xl;rpNaw;wg;gLfpd;wJ.
8. ,jd;NghJ ntspaplg;gLk; ,urhad rf;jpiag; gad;gLj;jp
9. Nkw;gb gf;hPwpahf;fs; ,urhad jw;Nghrizia Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLfpd;wd.
10. gpd;dh; Fe
3+
+ H
2
SO
4
nfhz;l fiuryhdJ cNyhfj; jhjpd;kPJ njspf;fg;gLk; NghJ
11. mjpy; xf;rpNaw;wj; jho;j;jy; jhf;fq;fs; eilngw;W> fiua Kbahj cNyhfq;fs; fiuAk;
epiyf;F khw;wg;gLfpd;wJ.
12. ,r; nrad;Kiw Ez;zq;fpf;Fhpa ePh; Kiwahpj;jy; vdg;gLk;.
13. ,jd; tpisthfj; Njhd;Wk; FeSO
4
iaAk; Cu SO
4
iaAk; nfhz;l fiury; kpd; gFf;fg;gl;L
nrg;GNyhfk; ngwg;gLk;.
14. ,jpupUe;J ntspaplg;gLk; FeSO
4
MdJ kPz;Lk; Ez;zq;fpfspd; njhopw;ghl;Lf;fhfr;
rf;fug;gLj;jg; gLfpwJ.
b. capu;g;gupfhuk;
15. #oypy; Vw;fdNt cs;s Ez;zq;fpfisg; gad;gLj;jp my;yJ mr;#oypy; Ez;zq;fpfisg;
GFj;jp ( Kfhikj;Jtk; nra;jy;)
16. khrhf;fpfspd; kPJ mit Nkw;nfhs;Sk; gbapwfFk; jhf;fj;ij Cf;Ftpj;J
17. mtw;iwr; rpijtilar; nra;J mfw;Wfpd;w my;yJ mtw;wpd; er;Rj;jd;ikia ePf;fp er;rw;w
nghUl;fshf khw;Wfpd;w nrad;KiwahFk;.
,J jw;NghJ gpd;tUtdtw;wpw;Fg; gad;gLfpwJ.
18. ePu;r; Rw;whly;fspy; ,Uf;Fk; Nrjd fopTg; nghUl;fspd; msitf; Fiwg;gjw;F
19. Miyj;njhopw;rhiyfspy; czTg;nghUl;fspd; cw;gj;jpapd; NghJ my;yJ ,urhadg; nghUl;f
spd; cw;gj;jpapd; NghJ tpisthf;fg;gLk; fopTg;nghUl;fspd; rpijthf;fy; Ntfj;ij
mjpfupg;gjw;F
20. ePu;r;Rw;whly;fspy; vz;nza; Nru;f;fg;gbd; mt;ntz;nza;f; fopTfis mfw;Wtjw;F
21. $l;nlUthf;fy; Kiwapd; Ntfj;ij mjpfupf;fr; nra;tjw;F.
22. cNyhff; ifj;njhopy; fopTfspy; ,Ue;J ghu cNyhfq;fis / FNuhkpak;> ,urk;> <ak;
Nghd;wtw;iw er;R ePf;Ftjw;F
c. Nehahf;Fk; ,ay;G.
23. ,J Nehahf;fpf;Fk; tpUe;J tsq;fpf;Fk; ,ilapyhd #oypay; njhlh;gpdhy; jPh;khdpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
24. Ez;zq;fpfs; gpujhd EiothapY}lhf my;yJ fhaj;jpD}lhf clypDs; cl;GFe;J njhw;Wjy;
milfpd;wd.
25. Ez;zq;fpfspdhy; tpUe;Jtoq;fpf;F Nehia Vw;gLj;jf; $ba jifik Nehahf;Fkpay;G MFk;.
26. Nehahf;Fkpay;G Ez;zq;fpapd; cf;fpuf; fhuzpfspYk;>
14
27. tpUe;J toq;fpapd; vjpu;g;G nghwpKiwfspYk;
28 . njhw;Wk; Ez;zq;fpfspd; vz;zpf;ifapYk; jq;fpAs;sJ.
29. cf;fpuk; vdg;gLtJ cly; ,ioaq;fSs; GFe;J> ngUf;fkile;J mq;F eilngWk; toikahd
clw;njhopw;ghLfisr; rPu;Fiyf;;Fk; Ez;zq;fpapd; cs;shw;wyhFk;.
30. rpy Ez;zq;fpfs; kpfTk; cf;fpukhdit. ,tw;wpd; Nehia Vw;gLj;Jk; Mw;wy; cau;thdJ
31. cjhuzk; Chicken pox virus
32. cf;fpukhdJ cl;GFkhw;wy;
33. er;Rg;nghUl;fisg; gpwg;gpf;Fk; Mw;wy; vd;gtw;wpy; jq;fpAs;sJ.
34. gy;NtW fyg;Gw nehjpaq;fs; cl;GFkhw;wypy; gq;F nfhs;Sk;
35. Phospholipase
36. fy nkd;rt;tpd; ngh];Nghypg;gpl;il ePh;g;gFg;Gr; nra;Ak;
37. Lecithinase.
38. fynkd;rt;tpYs;s ,ypg;gpl;bd; nyRj;jpd; $Wfis ePu;g;gFf;Fk;.
39. Hyaluronidase
40. tpyq;F fyq;fSf;F ,ilapYs;s rPnke;Jg; gjhu;j;jj;jpYs;s Hyaluronic mkpyj;ij ePhg;;gFf;Fk;
41. fyq;fspd; toikahd njhopw;ghLfis rPu;Fiyf;Fk; capupurhadg; nghUl;fshd er;Rg; nghUl;
fis Ez;zq;fpfs; cw;gj;jp nra;fpd;wd.
42. mf eQ;Rfs; ,ypg;Nghgy;rf;fiul;LfshFk;.
43. ,it ntg;g cWjpahdit
44. Gw eQ;Rfs; Gujj;jpdhy; Mdit
45. ntg;g cWjpaw;wit
46. ,it euk;G eQ;RfshfTk;
47.
Clostridium tetani
48. Fly; eQ;RfshfTk;
49.
Vibrio cholerae
50. fyeQ;RfshfTk; cs;sd.
51.
Corynebacteriun diphtheriae
10. a. kdpjdpy; rpWePu; cw;gj;jp
1. kdpjdpNy rpWePu; cw;gj;jpahdJ rpWePufj;jp > fyd;Nfhsk;> Nru;f;Fk; fhd; Mfpatw;wpy; / rpWePu;
jhq;F rpWFohapy; epfo;fpwJ.
2. ,jd;NghJ mjpNky;tbfl;ly;
3. . Nju;Tf;FupakPsmfj;JwpQ;ry;
4. . Ruj;jy; Mfpa nrad;Kiwfs; eilngWfpd;wd.
5. mjpNky; tbfl;lypd; NghJ fyd;Nfhsj;jpYs;s cau; mKf;ff; FUjp
6. . fyd;Nfhs FUjp kapu;f;Fohapd; RtupD}lhfTk; / Ez;LisapD}lhfTk;
7. NghkdpDiwapd; cl;Gwr;RtupYs;s gpsTj; Jthuq;fspD}lhTk; / cl;Gwr; RtupD}lhfTk;
VjhtJ 50 x3 =150
15
8. . tbfl;lg;gl;L NghkdpDiw ntspia milfpwJ.
9. . ,J Nju;Tf;Fupajy;yhj ke;jkhd nrad;Kiw
10. ,jd;NghJ RfNjfp xUthpy; FUjpf;fyq;fs;> KjYUg; Gujq;fs; tbfl;lg;gLtjpy;iy
11. tbjputkhdJ ePu;> FSf;Nfh];> mkpNdhmkpyq;fs;> A+upah> tpw;wkpd;fs; / fdpAg;G mad;fs;> /
XNkhd;fs;> / rpy kUe;Jg; nghUl;fs; Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;bUf;Fk;.
12. ,jidj; njhlu;e;J fyd;Nfhs tbjputj;jpdJ rpy gjhu;j;jq;fs; khj;jpuk; kapu;j;Jisf; Foha;
gpd;dypYs;s FUjpapDs; kPz;Lk; mfj;JwpQ;rg;gLfpd;wd.
13. ,J mz;ikkbe;jrpWFohapy; mjpfstpy; eilngWfpwJ.
14. ,jpy; FSf;Nfh]; mkpNdhmkpyq;fs;> Mfpad KOikahfTk; capu;g;ghd KiwapYk; kPsmfj;
JwpQ;rg;gLfpd;wd.
15. Na
+
,d; ngUk;gFjp capu;g;ghd Kiwapy; kps mfj;JwpQ;rg;gLfpwJ.
16. Cl
-
, HCO
3
-
,K
+
, a+upah Mfpad ke;jkhd Kiwapy; mfj;JwpQ;rg;gLfpd;wd.;. ( VjhtJ 3)
17. ePu; clypd; ePu;j; Njitapy; jq;fpapuhJ ; fl;Lg;gl;l Kiwapy; gpurhuzk; %yk;
kPsmfj;JwpQ;rg;gLfpwJ.
18. . VWGaj;jpy; rpwpjsNtDk; ePu; kPsfj;JwpQ;rg;gLtjpy;iy
19. ,jpy; Na
+
capu;g;ghdKiwapYk; . Cl
-
ke;jkhd KiwapYk; kPsmfj;JwpQ;rg;gLfpd;wd.
20. Nra;ikkbe;jrpWFohapy; Na
+
capu;g;ghd KiwapYk; Cl
-
, HCO
3
-
ke;jkhd KiwapYk;
kPsmfj;JwpQ;rg;gLfpd;wd.
21. . clypd; ePupd; fdtsT FiwAk; NghJ ADH Ruf;fg;gLtjdhy; Nra;ik kbe;j rpWFohapdJk;
Nru;f;Fk; fhdpdJk; Rtupd; ePu; cl;GftpLkpay;G mjpfupj;J
22. Nju;Tf;Fupa Kiwapy; ePu; kPsfj;JwpQ;rg;gLfpwJ.
23. ,jdhy; mjp gpurhuzj;Jf;Fupa rpWePu; cw;gj;jpahf;fg;gLfpwJ.
24. FUjp kapu;f;Foha;g; gpd;dypy; cs;s FUjpapypUe;J ,Ue;J rpy gjhu;j;jq;fs; kPz;Lk rpWePu;
jhq;F rpWohapDs; Ruf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
25. ,jd;NghJ H
+
,K
+
, NH
+
4
Mfpa mad;fs; rpy kUe;Jfs;>> tpw;wkpd; B fpupahw;wpidd;; Mfpad
Ruf;fg;gLfpd;wd.
b. Ez;ngUf;fk;
1. jhtu ,ioankhd;wpypUe;J mjpf vz;zpf;ifahd jhtuq;fis cUthf;Fk; nrad;Kiw
Ez;ngUf;f khFk;
2. jhtuj;jpd; nghUj;jkhd Muk;g jhtu gFjpfs; (explants) njupT nra;ag;gl;L
3. Nkw;gug;G fpUkpePf;fk; nra;ag;gLk;.
4. gpd; ,ioa tsu;g;Gf;Fj; Njitahd midj;Jf;$WfisAk; rupahd tpfpjj;jpy; nfhz;Ls;s
tsu;g;g++lfk; jahupf;fg;gl;L
5. fpUkpaopf;fg;gLk;
6. Muk;gj; jhtug;gFjpfis tsu;g;g+lfj;jpy; fpUkpj;njhw;W Vw;glhj tifapy; tsutlg;gLk;
20 x 2.5 = 50 Gs;spfs;
16
7. ,ioaj;jpYs;s fyq;fspy; njhlu;f;fpahff; fyg;gpupT epfo;e;J tpaj;jkilahj fyq;fisf;
nfhz;l xUjpzpT cUthFk;. ,J %Lgil (Callus) vdg;gLk;.
8. ,jpy; fhzg;glf;$ba fyq;fs; xt;nthd;Wk; ,yFthf Ntwhf;fg;glf; $bad.
9. gpd; mq;Fu tsu;r;rp J}z;lg;gLk;
10. ,jw;nfd irw;Nwhifdpd; vd;Dk; jhtu tsu;r;rpg; gjhu;j;jk; gad;gLk;
11. ngwg;gLk; mUk;Gfs; xt;nthd;iwAk; jdpj;jdpahf Ntwhf;fp mtw;iwj; jdpj;jdp tsu;g;g+l
fq;fspy; tsu;g;gjd; %yk; mq;Fuq;fs; ngUf;fkilar; nra;ag;gLk;.
12. ,jidj; njhlh;e;J Ntu; tsu;r;rp J}z;lg;gLk;
13. ,jw;nfd xl;rpd; vd;Dk; jhtu tsu;r;rpg; gjhu;j;jk; gad;gLk;
14. Gjpjhfj; Njhw;Wtpf;fg;gl;l rpwpa jhtuq;fs; ntspr; #oYf;Fg; gbg;gbahf ,irthf;fkilAk;
tiuf;Fk; Ma;T $l epge;jidfspy; itj;jpUf;fg;gLk; / fhy ,zf;fg;gLj;jy; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gLk;.
mD$yq;fs;
15. ,jw;F rpwpa ,ltrjp NghJkhdJ.
16. ,jd; %yk; Fiwe;j fhyj;jpy; kpfg; ngUe;njhifahd Gjpa jhtuq;fisg; ngw;Wf;nfhs;syhk;
17. ,jdhy; Neha;fsw;w jhtuq;fis ngUkstpy; cw;gj;jp nra;ayhk;
18. jha;j;jhtuj;ij Kw;whf xj;jpUf;Fk; mjhtJ xNu gpwg;Gupikaikg;Gila jhtuq;fis
mjpfstpy;; ngw;Wf; nfhs;syhk;.
19. ,aw;ifahd Kiwapy; ,dg;ngUf;fk; nra;aKbahj jhtuq;fis / tpj;Jf;fsw;w jhtuq;fis
my;yJ tho;jfTs;s tpj;Jf;fisj; Njhw;Wtpf;fhj jhtuq;fis ,k;Kiwapy; ,dtpUj;jp nra;J
nfhs;syhk.;
20. fhyepiy fhuzpfspy; jq;fpapuhJ jhtuq;fis ,dg; ngUf;fk; nra;ayhk;.
c. Nkyhl;rp
1. RahjPdkhfj; jdpahf;fg;gLk;
2. ,U NtWgl;l guk;giuayFfspd; ,ilj;jhf;fj;jpd; tpisthf cUthfpwJ.
3. guk;giuayF xd;W kw;iwa guk;giuayfpd;; ntspg;gLj;Jifia kiwf;fpd;wJ.
4. vdNt ,U Nrhb vjpUUf;fs; xd;W Nrh;e;J ,aq;Ftjdhy; xh; ,ay;G jPu;khdpf;fg;gLfpd;wJ.
5. Xh; guk;giuayF gpd;dilthd XhpdEf epiyapy; cs;sNghJ kw;iwa guk;giuayfpd;
ntspg;gLj;Jk; jd;ikia kiwf;Fkhapd;
6. mJ gpd;dilthd Nkyhl;rp vdg;gLk;.
7. ,ul;ilg; gpd;dilthd Nkyhl;rpapdhy; F
2
re;jjpapy; 9 : 7 vd;w tpfpjk; ngwg;gLk;.
8. cjhuzk; Lathyrus (,dpg;G gl;lhzp) jhtuj;jpd;; g+tpd; epwk;.
09. ,j; jhtuj;jpy; C, P Mfpa Ml;rpahd vjpUUf;fNs Cjhepwj;jpw;F fhuzkkhFk;.
10. ,tw;wpy; ahNjDk; xd;whtJ ,ul;ilg;gpd;dilthd epiyapy; fhzg;gLifapy; ntz;zpwg;
g+f;fNs Njhd;Wk;.
11. CCPP, CCPp, CcPP, CcPp Cjhepwg; g+f;fs;
12. CCpp , Ccpp, ccPP, ccPp, ccpp ntz;zpwg; g+f;fs;
20 x2.5 =50 Gs;spfs;
17
13. xU guk;giu myfpd; Ml;rpahd vjpUUthdJ kw;iwa guk;giu myfpd; ntspg;gLj;Jk;
jd;ikia kiwf;Fkhapd;
14. mJ Ml;rpahd Nkyhl;rp vdg;gLk;.
15. ,jdhy; F
2
re;jjpapy; 13 : 3 vd;w tpfpjk; ngwg;gLk;.
16. cjhuzk; Nfhopf; FQ;Rfspd; ,wf;iffspd; epwj;jpw;fhd ghuk;gupak;
17. Nfhopfspy; C vd;Dk; Ml;rpahd vjpUU Xhpd Ef epiyapy; / ,ju Ef epiyapy; cs;s
NghJ ,wf;iffspd; epwk; cz;lhfpwJ.
18. ,jw;F vjpUUty;yhj gpwpnjhU guk;giuayfpd; I vd;Dk; vjpUU Ml;rpahd epiyapy; C
cld; Nru;e;jpUf;Fk; epiyapy; C ,d; nraw;ghl;ilj; jil nra;fpwJ. ,jdhy; nts;isf;
Nfhopfs; Njhd;Wfpd;wd.
19. C ck; i ck; cs;s epiyapy; kl;LNk epwKs;s Nfhopfs; Njhd;Wk;. vdNt
20. nts;isf; Nfhopfspd; gpwg;Gupikaikg;Gf;fs; : CCII, CCIi, CcII, CcIi, ccII, ccIi, ccii
21. epwKila Nfhopfspd; gpwg;Gupikaikg;G CCii, Ccii
ghPl;rfh; FOkk;
jpU. K. Ffhde;jd; B.Sc, PGD, M.Ed jpU. T.fq;fhjud; B.Sc, Dipi.in Sc.
jpU. V.S. FzrPyd; B.Sc (Spl),PGD(Dist.) jpU. T.jk;gpuh[h B.Sc (Hons),PGD
Any20 x 2.5 = 50 Gs;spfs;